I agree that the nature of change is changing, but through a different pattern loosely based on design rationality (pp. 166-173).
1. Openness: A person must be open to take in information from anyone, and must be open to try new things in a transparent way. Not afraid of making mistakes and willing to share knowledge and experiences with others are a must. At this point, it is not necessary to be dissatisfied or even be able to identify a problem even though both could be case. What is most important is that the person realize that improvement is a valuable pursuit and that it is possible.
2. Predictions: Through social practice, the individual predicts certain outcomes based on changed behavior. Depending on the level of expertise, this stage may include some level of intervention to assure that predictions are based on sound research.
3. Negotiation: As the change in behavior unfolds, the individual negotiates with other individuals and manipulates objects until intended and unintended outcomes result. In the negotiation stage, everyone has a vested interest that drives a person’s actions, so being able to interpret one’s actions and having perspective are crucial.
4. Opportunities: As the person reflects on the intended and unintended outcomes, he/she recognizes certain opportunities taking into account all the contextualized cues (unique to each individual) that exist at that particular moment. Any opportunities that present themselves provide new information that is then part of a new scenario requiring the individual to become even more open to new information thus continuing the cycle.
As we repeat the cycle – unique to each individual – we become more open and better at predicting, negotiating, and recognizing opportunities based on new scenarios. To facilitate individuals through this cycle, all stakeholders must work together to create an adaptive environment where those who are targeted to change can do so at different rates and with the support they need.
Openness provides the mindscapes needed in order to make more accurate predictions given a particular scenario (unique for each individual). Based on sound predictions the individual begins negotiating with others and manipulating objects through an ongoing social process that positions the person in a perceived role within a particular learning network. By negotiating with others and manipulating objects, certain opportunities or lack of opportunities may result, some intentional and some unintentional. These opportunities or lack of opportunities provide new information that changes the context for the individual which is then used to make further predictions.