Feb 21st, 2019
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- Mendeley Public Research Group: Applied Linguistics
- Radio UAA: Ser Lumen
- Passive voice with non-referential “it”: it has been found, etc.
- Overuse of the passive voice - active voice is preferred.
- Overuse of pronouns
- Overuse of capitalization (e.g., to emphasize or when abbreviations are used, etc.)
- Overuse of There is/are - In most cases, avoiding it will produce a better sentence - subject first, then a verb.
- There is/are in a topic sentence.
- Verb to be in a topic sentence.
- Overusing the same verbs: to be and to have are oftentimes overused.
- Overusing the semicolon
- Comma splice
- Sentence fragment
- Runon sentence
- A transition (see below) that begins a topic sentence (body paragraph)
- Bold text except for headings
- Bold, italics, and capitalization to emphasize words
- Obviously…, Clearly…,
- Absolutes: Always, never, everyone, etc.
- It is important, it is necessary, etc.
- Rhetorical questions
- Serial comma
- Dynamic (action) verbs
- Be consistent with key words or specific words that have certain meanings in education: activity, materials, techniques, methods, approaches, strategies, etc.
- A combination of sentence types: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences
- A cohesive text includes a transition, using any combination of the following:
- Rheme and theme to connect (bridge) ideas from one sentence to the next.
- Sentence connectors
- Introductory phrases
- Subordinating conjunction that begins a sentence (followed by a comma)
- MEAL plan for developing each body paragraph
- Citations serve as evidence
- Evidence precedes analysis sentence(s)
- Main idea (topic sentence) begins each body paragraph
- Final sentence serves as either a linking sentence or a summarizing sentence.
- Linking sentence links current main idea of the paragraph to the next main idea (topic sentence) of the following paragraph.
- Italicize foreign (non-English) words and when naming a term (e.g., “The word foreign is hard to spell.).
- Approximately five to eight sentences per paragraph